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电动汽车动力性能试验方法(GB/T 18385-2005)

时间:2020-12-28 点击次数:236

来源:中国新能源网

 

 1范围

  BENBIAOZHUNGUIDINGLECHUNDIANDONGQICHEDEJIASUTEXING、ZUIHAOCHESUJIPAPONENGLIDENGDESHIYANFANGFA。

  BENBIAOZHUNSHIYONGYUCHUNDIANDONGQICHE。

  2规范性引用文件

  XIALIEWENJIANZHONGDETIAOKUANTONGGUOBENBIAOZHUNDEYINYONGERCHENGWEIBENBIAOZHUNDETIAOKUAN。FANSHIZHURIQIDEYINYONGWENJIAN.QISUIHOUSUOYOUDEXIUGAIDAN(BUBAOKUOKANWUDENEIRONG)HUOXIUDINGBANJUNBUSHIYONGYUBENBIAOZHUN,RANER,GULIGENJUBENBIAOZHUNDACHENGXIEYIDEGEFANGYANJIUSHIFOUKESHIYONGZHEIXIEWENJIANDEZUIXINBANBEN。FANSHIBUZHURIQIDEYINYONGWENJIAN,QIZUIXINBANBENSHIYONGYUBENBIAOZHUN。

  GB/T 3730.2DAOLUCHELIANGZHILIANGCIHUIHEDAIMA(idt ISO 1176;1990)

  GB/T 6326LUNTAISHUYU(GB/T 6326-1994,neq ISO 3877-1;1978)

  GB/T 12548QICHESUDUBIAO、LICHENGBIAOJIANYANXIAOZHENGFANGFA

  GB 18352.1-2001QINGXINGQICHEWURANWUPAIFANGXIANZHIJICELIANGFANGFA(I)

  GB/T 19596-2004DIANDONGQICHESHUYU(ISO 8713:2002,NEQ)

  3术语和定义

  XIALIESHUYUHEDINGYISHIYONGYUBENBIAOZHUN

  3.1

  DIANDONGQICHEZHENGCHEZHENGBEIZHILIANGcomplete electric vehicle kerb mass

  BAOKUOCHEZAICHUNENGZHUANGZHIZAINEIDEZHENGCHEZHENGBEIZHILIANG[GB/T 19596-2004,3.1.3.4.1DINGYI」。

  3.2

  DIANDONGQICHESHIYANZHILIANGtest mass of electric vehicle

  DIANDONGQICHEZHENGCHEZHENGBEIZHILIANGYUYISHIYANSUOXUFUJIAZHILIANGDEHE[GB/T 19596-2004,3.1.3.4.2DINGYI]。

  FUJIAZHILIANGFENBIEWEI:

  a)RUGUOZUIDAYUNXUZHUANGZAIZHILIANGXIAOYUHUODENGYU180kg,GAIZHILIANGWEIZUIDAYUNXUZHUANGZAIZHILIANG;

  b)RUGUOZUIDAYUNXUZHUANGZAIZHILIANGDAYU180kg,DANXIAOYU360kg,GAIZHILIANGWEI180kg;

  c)RUGUOZUIDAYUNXUZHUANGZAIZHILIANGDAYU360kg,GAIZHILIANGWEIZUIDAYUNXUZHUANGZAIZHILIANGDEYIBAN。

  ZHU:ZUIDAYUNXUZHUANGZAIZHILIANGBAOKUOJIASHIYUANZHILIANG。

  3.3

  DONGFUHEBANJING(LUNTAI)dynamic loaded radius(tyre)

  DINGYIJIANGB/T 6326。

  3.4

  ZUIHAOCHESU(1km)maximum speed(1km)

  DIANDONGQICHENENGGOUWANGFANGECHIXUXINGSHI1kmYISHANGJULIDEZUIHAOCHESUDEPINGJUNZHI[GB/T 19596-2004,3.1.3.1.5DINGYI]。(SHIYANCHENGXUJIAN7.3)

  3.5

  30FENZHONGZUIHAOCHESUmaximum 30 minutes speed

  DIANDONGQICHENENGGOUCHIXUXINGSHI30minYISHANGDEZUIHAOPINGJUNCHESU[GB/T 19596-2004,3.1.3.1.6DINGYI]。(SHIYANCHENGXUJIAN7.1)

  3.6

  JIASUNENGLI(V1DAOV2)acceleration ability(V1 to V2)

  DIANDONGQICHECONGSUDUV1JIASUDAOSUDUV2SUOXUDEZUIDUANSHIJIAN[GB/T 19596-2004,3.1.3.1.7DINGYI]。(SHIYANCHENGXUJIAN7.5)

  3.7

  PAPOCHESUspeed uphill

  DIANDONGQICHEZAIJIDINGPODUDEPODAOSHANGNENGGOUCHIXUXINGSHI1kmYISHANGDEZUIHAOPINGJUNCHESU[GB/T 19596-2004,3.1.3.1.10DINGYI]。(SHIYANCHENGXUJIAN7.6)

  3.8

  PODAOQIBUNENGLIhill starting ability

  DIANDONGQICHEZAIPODAOSHANGNENGGOUQIDONGQIE1minNEIXIANGSHANGXINGSHIZHISHAO10mDEZUIDAPODU[GB/T 19596-2004,3.1.3.1.8DINGYI]。(SHIYANCHENGXUJIAN7.7)

  4试验条件

  4.1SHIYANCHELIANGZHUANGTAI

  4.1.1SHIYANCHELIANGYINGYIJUMEIXIANGSHIYANDEJISHUYAOQIUJIAZAI。

  4.1.2ZAIHUANJINGWENDUXIA,CHELIANGLUNTAIQIYAYINGFUHECHELIANGZHIZAOCHANGDEGUIDING。

  4.1.3JIXIEYUNDONGBUJIANYONGRUNHUAYOUMAODUYINGFUHEZHIZAOCHANGDEGUIDING。

  4.1.4CHESHANGDEZHAOMING、XINHAOZHUANGZHIYIJIFUZHUSHEBEIYINGGAIGUANBI,CHUFEISHIYANHECHELIANGBAITIANYUNXINGDUIZHEIXIEZHUANGZHIYOUYAOQIU。

  4.1.5CHUQUDONGYONGTUWAI,SUOYOUDECHUNENGXITONGYINGCHONGDAOZHIZAOCHANGGUIDINGDEZUIDAZHI(DIANNENG、YEYA、QIYADENG)。

  4.1.6CHELIANGYINGQINGJIE,DUIYUCHELIANGHEQUDONGXITONGDEZHENGCHANGYUNXINGBUSHIBIXUDECHECHUANGHETONGFENGKOUYINGGAITONGGUOZHENGCHANGDECAOZUOGUANBI。

  4.1.7SHIYANJIASHIYUANYINGANCHELIANGZHIZAOCHANGTUIJIANDECAOZUOCHENGXUSHIXUDIANCHIZAIZHENGCHANGYUNXINGWENDUXIAGONGZUO。

  4.1.8SHIYANQIAN7TIANNEI,SHIYANCHELIANGYINGZHISHAOYONGANZHUANGZAISHIYANCHELIANGSHANGDEXUDIANCHIXINGSHI300km。

  4.1.9XUDIANCHIYINGCHUYUGEXIANGSHIYANYAOQIUDECHONGDIANZHUANGTAI。

  4.2HUANJINGTIAOJIAN

  SHIWAISHIYANDAQIWENDUWEI5℃~32℃;SHINEISHIYANWENDUWEI20℃~30℃;DAQIYALIWEI91kPa-104kPa。GAOYULUMIAN0.7mCHUDEPINGJUNFENGSUXIAOYU3m/s,ZHENFENGFENGSUXIAOYU5m/s。XIANGDUISHIDUXIAOYU95。SHIYANBUNENGZAIYUTIANHEWUTIANJINXING。

  4.3SHIYANYIQI

  4.3.1RUGUOSHIYONGDIANDONGQICHESHANGANZHUANGDECHESUBIAO、LICHENGBIAOCEDINGCHESUHELICHENGSHI,SHIYANQIANBIXUANGB/T 12548JINXINGWUCHAXIAOZHENG

  4.3.2CELIANGDECANSHU、DANWEIHEZHUNQUEDU

  4.4DAOLUTIAOJIAN

  4.4.1YIBANTIAOJIAN

  SHIYANYINGGAIZAIGANZAODEZHIXIANPAODAOHUOHUANXINGPAODAOSHANGJINXING。LUMIANYINGJIANYING、PINGZHENG、GANJINGQIEYAOYOULIANGHAODEFUZHEXISHU。

  4.4.2ZHIXIANPAODAO

  CELIANGQUDEZHANGDUZHISHAO1000m。

  JIASUQUYINGZUGOUZHANG,YIBIANZAIJINRENCELIANGQUQIAN200mNEIDADAOWENDINGDEZUIHAOCHESU。CELIANGQUHEJIASUQUDEHOU200mDEZONGXIANGPODUJUNBUCHAOGUO0.5%JIASUQUDEZONGXIANGPODUBUCHAOGUO400,CELIANGQUDEHENGXIANGPODUBUCHAOGUO3%。

  WEILEJIANSHAOSHIYANWUCHA,SHIYANYINGZAISHIYANPAODAODELIANGGEFANGXIANGSHANGJINXING,JINLIANGSHIYONGXIANGTONGDELUJING。DANGTIAOJIANBUYUNXUZAILIANGGEFANGXIANGJINXINGSHIYANSHI,KEANZHAO4.4.4JINXINGYIGEFANGXIANGDESHIYAN。

  4.4.3HUANXINGPAODAO

  HUANXINGPAODAODEZHANGDUYINGZHISHAO1000m。HUANXINGPAODAOYUWANZHENGDEYUANXINGBUTONG,TAYOUZHIXIANBUFENHEJINSIHUANXINGDEBUFENXIANGJIEERCHENG。WANDAODEQULVBANJINGYINGBUXIAOYU200m。

  CELIANGQUDEZONGXIANGPODUBUCHAOGUO0.5%。WEIJISUANCHESU,XINGSHILICHENGYINGWEICHELIANGBEIJISHISUOSHIGUODELICHENG。

  4.4.4DANYIFANGXIANGSHIYAN

  RUGUOYOUYUSHIYANLUMIANBUZHITEDIANDEYUANYIN,CHELIANGBUKENENGZAILIANGGEFANGXIANGDADAOZUIHAOCHESU,YUNXUZHIZAIYIGEFANGXIANGJINXINGCELIANG,DANYINGGAIMANZUYIXIATIAOJIAN:

  a)SHIYANPAODAOYINGMANZU4.4.2DEYAOQIU;

  b)CELIANGQUNEIRENHELIANGDIANDEGAODUCHABUNENGCHAOGUO1m;

  c)SHIYANYINGJINKUAIZHONGFUJINXINGLIANGCI;

  d)FENGSUYUSHIYANDAOLUPINGXINGFANGXIANGDEFENGSUFENLIANGBUNENGCHAOGUO2m/s。

  5试验车辆准备

  5.1XUDIANCHICHONGDIAN

  ANZHAOCHELIANGZHIZAOCHANGGUIDINGDECHONGDIANGUICHENG,SHIXUDIANCHIDADAOWANQUANCHONGDIANZHUANGTAI,HUOANXIALIEGUICHENGWEIXUDIANCHICHONGDIAN。

  5.1.1CHANGGUICHONGDIAN

  ZAIHUANJINGWENDUWEI(20-30)℃XIA,SHIYONGCHEZAICHONGDIANQI(RUGUOYIANZHUANG)WEIXUDIANCHICHONGDIAN,HUOCAIYONGCHELIANGZHIZAOCHANGTUIJIANDEWAIBUCHONGDIANQI(YINGJILUCHONGDIANQIDEXINGHAO、GUIGE)JIXUDIANCHICHONGDIAN。

  BENGUICHENGBUBAOKUOQITATESHULEIXINGDECHONGDIAN。LIRUXUDIANCHIFANXINHUOWEIXIUCHONGDIAN。

  CHELIANGZHIZAOCHANGYINGGAIBAOZHENGSHIYANGUOCHENGZHONGCHELIANGMEIYOUJINXINGTESHUCHONGDIANCAOZUO

  5.1.2CHONGDIANJIESHUDEBIAOZHUN

  12hDECHONGDIANJIWEICHONGDIANJIESHUDEBIAOZHUN;RUGUOBIAOZHUNYIQIFACHUMINGXIANDEXINHAOTISHIJIASHIYUANXUDIANCHIMEIYOUCHONGMAN,ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,ZUIZHANGCHONGDIANSHIJIANWEI:

  3×ZHIZAOCHANGGUIDINGDEXUDIANCHIRONGLIANG(kWh)/DIANWANGGONGDIAN(kW)。

  5.1.3WANQUANCHONGDIANXUDIANCHI

  RUGUOYIJUCHANGGUICHONGDIANGUICHENG,DADAOCHONGDIANJIESHUBIAOZHUN,ZERENWEIXUDIANCHIYIQUANCHONGMAN。

  5.2LICHENGBIAODESHEDING

  SHIYANCHELIANGSHANGDELICHENGBIAOYINGSHEZHIWEI0,HUOJILULICHENGBIAOSHANGDEDUSHU。

  5.3YURE

  SHIYANCHELIANGYINGYIZHIZAOCHANGGUJIDE30FENZHONGZUIHAOCHESUDE80%SUDUXINGSHI5000m,SHIDIANJIJICHUANDONGXITONGYURE。

  6试验顺序

  ANXIALIESHUNXUANPAISHIYAN,SHISUOYOUDEXINGNENGSHIYANKEYIZAI2TIANNEIWANCHENG:

  DI1TIAN:

  ·CHELIANGZHUNBEI(JIANDI5ZHANG)

  ·30FENZHONGZUIHAOCHESUSHIYAN(JIAN7.1)

  ·XUDIANCHIWANQUANFANGDIAN(JIAN7.2)

  DI2TIAN:(MEIXIANGSHIYANLIANXUJINXING)

  ·CHELIANGZHUNBEI(JIANDI5ZHANG)

  ·ZUIHAOCHESUSHIYAN(JIAN7.3)

  ·XUDIANCHI40%FANGDIAN(JIAN7.4)

  ·JIASUXINGNENGSHIYAN(JIAN7.5)

  ·4%HE12%DEPAPOCHESUSHIYAN(JIAN7.6)

  ·PODAOQIBUNENGLISHIYAN(JIAN7.7)

  SHIYANYINGANZHAOSHANGSHUSHIYANSHUNXUJINXING,MEIXIANGSHIYANKAISHISHI,XUDIANCHIDEHEDIANZHUANGTAISHIQIANYIXIANGSHIYANHOUDEZHUANGTAI。

  RUGUOMEIXIANGSHIYANDOUDANDUJINXING,ZUIHAOCHESU、30FENZHONGZUIHAOCHESUSHIYANKAISHISHI,XUDIANCHIYINGCHUYUWANQUANCHONGDIANDE100%~90%。ERJIASUXINGNENG、PAPOCHESU、PODAOQIBUNENGLISHIYANKAISHISHI,XUDIANCHIYINGCHUYUWANQUANCHONGDIANDE60%~50%。

  7试验方法

  7.130分钟最车速试验

  30分钟最车速的试验可以在环形跑道上进行,也可以在按照GB 18352.1设定的底盘测功机上进行。

  7.1.1JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIAZAIDAOSHIYANZHILIANG(JIAN3.2),ZENGJIADEZAIHEYINGHELIFENBU

  7.1.2ANDI5ZHANGDEGUIDINGDUICHELIANGJINXINGZHUNBEI。

  7.1.3使试验车辆以该车30分钟最车速估计值±5%的车速行驶30min。试验中车速如有变化,可以通过踩加速踏板来补偿,从而使车速符合30分钟最车速估计值±5肠的要求。

  7.1.4如果试验中车速达不到30分钟最车速估计值的95%,试验应重做,车速可以是上述30分钟最车速估计值或者是制造厂重新估计的30分钟最车速。

  7.3最车速试验

  7.3.1BIAOZHUNSHIYANCHENGXU

  7.3.1.1JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIAZAIDAOSHIYANZHILIANG,ZENGJIADEZAIHEYINGHELIFENBU。

  7.3.1.2ANDI5ZHANGDEGUIDINGDUICHELIANGJINXINGZHUNBEI

  7.3.1.3在直线跑道或环形跑道上将试验车辆加速,使汽车在驶入测量区之前能够达到最稳定车速,并且保持这个车速持续行驶1km(测量区的长度)。记录车辆持续行驶1km的时间t1。

  7.5JIASUXINGNENGSHIYAN

  7.5.1 M1、N1LEICHUNDIANDONGQICHEJIASUXINGNENGSHIYAN

  7.5.1.1(0-50)km/hJIASUXINGNENGSHIYAN

  7.5.1.1.1JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIAZAIDAOSHIYANZHILIANG,ZENGJIADEZAIHEYINGHELIFENBU。

  7.5.1.1.2JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGTINGFANGZAISHIYANDAOLUDEQISHIWEIZHI,BINGQIDONGCHELIANG。

  7.5.1.1.3JIANGJIASUTABANKUAISUCAIDAODI,SHICHELIANGJIASUDAO(50±1)km/h。

  7.5.1.1.4RUGUOZHUANGYOULIHEQIHEBIANSUQIDEHUA,JIANGBIANSUQIZHIRENGAICHEDEQIBUDANGWEI,XUNSUQIBU,JIANGJIASUTABANKUAISUCAIDAODI,HUANRENSHIDANGDANGWEI,SHICHELIANGJIASUDAO(50±1)km/h。

  7.5.1.1.5JILUCONGCAIXIAJIASUTABANDAOCHESUDADAO(50±1)km/hDESHIXIANG。

  7.5.1.1.6YIXIANGFANFANGXIANGXINGSHIZAIZUOYICIXIANGTONGDESHIYAN。

  7.5.l.1.7(0-50)km/hJIASUXINGNENGSHILIANGCICEDESHIJIANDESUANSHUPINGJUNZHI(DANWEI:S)。

  7.5.1.2(50-80)km/hJIASUXINGNENGSHIYAN

  7.5.1.2.1JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIAZAIDAOSHIYANZHILIANG,ZENGJIADEZAIHEYINGHELIFENBU。

  7.5.1.2.2JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGTINGFANGZAISHIYANDAOLUDEQISHIWEIZHI

  7.5.1.2.3JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIASUDAO(50±1)km/h,BINGBAOCHIZHEIGECHESUXINGSHI0.5kmYISHANG。

  7.5,1,2.4JIANGJIASUTABANCAIDAODI,HUOSHIYONGLIHEQIHEBIANSUGAN(RUGUOZHUANGYOUDEHUA)JIANGCHELIANGJIASUDAO(80TU1)km/h,

  7.5.1.2.5记录从踩下加速踏板到车速达到(80±1)km/h的时间或如果最车速小于89km/h,应达到最车速的90%,并应在报告中记录下最后的车速。

  7.5.1.2.6YIXIANGFANFANGXIANGXINGSHIZAIZUOYICIXIANGTONGDESHIYAN。

  7.5.1.2.7(50--80)km/hJIASUXINGNENGSHILIANGCICEDESHIJIANDESUANSHUPINGJUNZHI(DANWEI:S)。

  7.5.2 M2、M3LEICHUNDIANDONGQICHEJIASUXINGNENGSHIYAN(M、N1LEICHEYIWAIDECHUNDIANDONGQICHEKECANZHAOZHIXING)

  7.5.2.1(0-30)km/hJIASUXINGNENGSHIYAN

  7.5.2.1.1JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIAZAIDAOSHIYANZHILIANG,ZENGJIADEZAIHEYINGJUNYUNFENBU。

  7.5.2.1.2JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGTINGFANGZAISHIYANDAOLUDEQISHIWEIZHI,BINGQIDONGCHELIANG。

  7.5.2.1.3JIANGJIASUTABANKUAISUCAIDAODI,SHICHELIANGJIASUDAO(30±1)km/h。

  7.5.2.1.4RUGUOZHUANGYOULIHEQIHEBIANSUQIDEHUA,JIANGBIANSUQIZHIRENGAICHEDEQIBUDANGWEI,XUNSUQIBU,JIANGJIASUTABANKUAISUCAIDAODI,HUANRENSHIDANGDANGWEI,SHICHELIANGJIASUDAO(30±1)km/h。

  7.5.2.1.5JILUCONGCAIXIAJIASUTABANDAOCHESUDADAO(30±1)km/hDESHIJIAN。

  7.5.2.1.6YIXIANGFANFANGXIANGXINGSHIZAIZUOYICIXIANGTONGDESHIYAN。

  7.5.2.1.7(0-30)km/hJIASUXINGNENGSHILIANGCICEDESHIJIANDESUANSHUPINGJUNZHI(DANWEI:s)。

  7.5.2.2(30-50)km/hJIASUXINGNENGSHIYAN

  7.5.2.2.1JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIAZAIDAOSHIYANZHILIANG,ZENGJIADEZAIHEYINGHELIFENBU。

  7.5.2.2.2JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGTINGFANGZAISHIYANDAOLUDEQISHIWEIZHI。

  7.5.2.2.3JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIASUDAO(30±1)km/h,BINGBAOCHIZHEIGECHESUXINGSHI0.5kmYISHANG。

  7.5.2.2.4JIANGJIASUTABANCAIDAODI,HUOSHIYONGLIHEQIHEBIANSUGAN(RUGUOZHUANGYOUDEHUA)JIANGCHELIANGJIASUDAO(50±1)km/h。

  7.5.2.2.5记录从踩下加速踏板到车速达到(50±1)km/h的时间,或如果最车速小于56km/h,应达到最车速的90,并应在报告中记录下最后的车速。

  7.5.2.2.6YIXIANGFANFANGXIANGXINGSHIZAIZUOYICIXIANGTONGDESHIYAN。

  7.5.2.2.7(30-50)km/hJIASUXINGNENGSHILIANGCICEDESHIJIANDESUANSHUPINGJUNZHI(DANWEI:s)。

  7.6PAPOCHESUSHIYAN(M1、M2、N1LEIYIWAIDECHUNDIANDONGQICHEKEBUZUOCIXIANG)

  7.6.1JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGJIAZAIDAOZUIDASHEJIZONGZHILIANG,ZENGJIADEZAIHEYINGHELIFENBU。

  7.6.2JIANGSHIYANCHELIANGZHIYUCEGONGJISHANG,BINGDUICEGONGJIJINXINGBIYAODEDIAOZHENGSHIQISHIHESHIYANCHELIANGZUIDASHEJIZONGZHILIANGZHI。

  7.6.3DIAOZHENGCEGONGJISHIQIZENGJIAYIGEXIANGDANGYU4%PODUDEFUJIAZAIHE。

  7.6.4JIANGJIASUTABANCAIDAODISHISHIYANCHELIANGJIASUHUOSHIYONGSHIDANGBIANSUDANGWEISHICHELIANGJIASU。

  7.6.5确定试验车辆能够达到并能持续行驶1km的最稳定车速,同时,记录持续行驶1km的时间t。

  7.6.6DIAOZHENGCEGONGJISHIQIZENGJIAYIGEXIANGDANGYU12%PODUDEFUJIAZAIHE。

  7.6.7ZHONGFU7.6.4ZHI7.6.5DESHIYAN。

  7.6.8SHIYANWANCHENGHOU,TINGCHEJIANCHAGEBUWEIYOUWUYICHANGXIANXIANGFASHENG,BINGXIANGXIJILU。

标签:纯电动汽车 爬坡能力 驱动系统

 

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